First of all, decide on the collar material
Now there is a large selection and each has its own pros and cons:
Leather is a classic collar material. Depending on the quality, it has a different cost and a different appearance. Expensive collars are usually beautiful, reliable and last a long time. Cheap ones often stretch, or even burst, if the dog pulls the leash strongly. In any case, in a leather collar, you should not allow your pet to swim or leave the collar in the sun (the skin can tan and crack), periodically the collar must be carefully cleaned or even oiled. It is advisable to protect from scratches. Leather collars aren’t suitable for all dogs. Choose good collars for pitbulls.
Tarpaulin is a relatively cheap and at the same time quite reliable material, it also does not like water (it becomes very heavy, with poor drying it rots), has a specific look. Usually used when no other options are available.
The metal chain (chain) is a very controversial material, it has many nuances. Depending on the material, it may rust after contact with water. Depending on the manufacturer, it can dye light wool. May wipe off wool depending on weaving. Depending on the quality, it can break (the links are unbent). If you want exactly the chain – check out these subtleties. It is possible to find a quality chain that will be a reliable ammunition and decoration for a dog, but as a rule it is expensive.
Nylonand other “synthetics” – the best option for every day and not only. High-quality nylon – the material is durable and lightweight, does not require special care, does not change its properties after getting wet, does not stretch, does not fade, can be easily washed in a washing machine, and all this at a very reasonable price. Good nylon collars are usually replaced not because the collar has deteriorated, but simply already want something new! The only drawback is that low-quality nylon can stain wool.
Next – pay attention to the collar design
The classic design is a collar with a fastener – it can be a buckle like a belt or a fastex type latch .
The first option is more familiar, but less convenient, besides, as a rule, the presence of a buckle makes it possible to fasten the collar only to specific holes (plus a collar with such a fastener always has a tail sticking out – more or less long). Fastex, as a rule, is present on collars that have fine adjustment and you can adjust the size of the collar exactly to the girth of your pet’s neck, while nothing extra will stick out. On the other hand, the buckle allows you to reliably fix the length of the collar and never unfasten itself (only if the tongue of the buckle is not long enough or hard), and the fastex on cheap collars can break from heavy load or spontaneously unfasten if it has a too “soft” buckle.
The alternative is a half-choke collar ( Onega, Rogz ) / Martingale ( Red Dingo ). The meaning of this design is that the collar in its normal state lies on the dog’s neck freely, like a necklace, and when the leash is pulled, it is pulled to the selected minimum, which does not give the dog the opportunity to wriggle out of the collar as if it were a clasp option. Usually, such collars do not have a fastener at all, but simply put on over the head. The advantages are obvious – the free-flying collar does not press the dog’s throat, does not wipe the fur, and besides, dogs pull less often in collars with this design.
The same can be said about slip collars ( Ferplast). The main difference is the absence of any stopper, so it is not suitable for every dog and not for every event. You cannot leave a dog unattended in a stranglehold, even more so – on a leash!